A Guide to Business Entities for Foreign Investors in Vietnam

If you’re a foreign investor looking to do business in Vietnam, it’s important to understand the types of business entities available. In this guide, we’ll go over the most common types of business entities in Vietnam and their advantages and disadvantages.

  1. Limited Liability Company (LLC):

An LLC is the most common type of business entity in Vietnam. It offers limited liability protection to its members and can be owned by one or more individuals or legal entities. LLCs are ideal for foreign investors looking to set up a small or medium-sized business in Vietnam.

  1. Joint Stock Company (JSC):

A JSC is a type of business entity that is suitable for larger businesses that require significant capital investment. It has a more complex structure than an LLC and can issue shares to its shareholders. A JSC is required to have a minimum of three shareholders and can be listed on the Vietnam Stock Exchange.

  1. Partnership:

A partnership is a business entity that is formed by two or more individuals or entities. Partnerships are divided into two types: general partnerships and limited partnerships. In a general partnership, each partner is personally liable for the debts of the business. In a limited partnership, only the general partner has unlimited liability, while the limited partners have limited liability protection.

  1. Branch Office:

A branch office is an extension of the foreign company’s business in Vietnam. It is not considered a separate legal entity and is subject to the same laws and regulations as the parent company. Branch offices are ideal for foreign investors looking to establish a physical presence in Vietnam without setting up a new legal entity.

  1. Representative Office:

A representative office is similar to a branch office, but it is not allowed to conduct commercial activities in Vietnam. Its purpose is to carry out market research and promotion activities on behalf of the foreign company.


In conclusion, understanding the types of business entities available in Vietnam is essential for foreign investors looking to do business in the country. Each type of business entity has its own advantages and disadvantages, and it’s important to choose the one that best suits your business needs. If you need assistance with setting up a business in Vietnam, it’s always best to consult with a local legal expert.

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